What is Supervised Learning :
Supervised learning is a type of machine learning where a model is trained on labeled data, meaning the data consists of both input features and corresponding correct outputs. The model is then able to make predictions on new, unseen data based on the patterns it has learned from the training data.
One example of supervised learning is a spam filter. In this case, the input features might be the words or phrases in an email, and the correct output would be whether or not the email is spam. The model would be trained on a dataset of labeled emails, with some marked as spam and others not. As the model learns the patterns and characteristics that are commonly found in spam emails, it can then make predictions on new emails it has not seen before, classifying them as spam or not spam.
Another example of supervised learning is a credit card fraud detection system. In this case, the input features could be various details about a transaction, such as the amount, location, and time of the transaction, and the correct output would be whether or not the transaction is fraudulent. The model would be trained on a dataset of labeled transactions, with some marked as fraudulent and others not. As the model learns the patterns and characteristics that are commonly found in fraudulent transactions, it can then make predictions on new transactions it has not seen before, identifying any potential fraud.
One important aspect of supervised learning is the need for labeled data. This can be a time-consuming and costly process, as it requires manual labeling of the data by human experts. However, it is essential for the model to learn from the correct outputs in order to make accurate predictions.
Another important aspect is the choice of model and hyperparameters. Different models and hyperparameters can have a significant impact on the accuracy of the predictions. For example, a decision tree model might work well for the spam filter example, while a random forest model might be more suitable for the credit card fraud detection example. It is important to choose the right model and properly tune the hyperparameters to achieve the best performance.
Evaluation is also a key aspect of supervised learning. The model is typically evaluated on a separate test dataset, which it has not seen during training. This allows for a more accurate assessment of the model’s performance on new, unseen data. Common evaluation metrics for classification tasks include accuracy, precision, and recall.
In summary, supervised learning is a type of machine learning where a model is trained on labeled data in order to make predictions on new, unseen data. It requires labeled data, the right model and hyperparameters, and evaluation on a separate test dataset in order to achieve accurate predictions.