nQuery advisor :
nQuery Advisor is a statistical software package that is used to design and analyze experiments, particularly those involving complex sample designs and multiple factors. It is particularly useful in fields such as engineering, manufacturing, and the life sciences, where it is often necessary to optimize processes or products through experimentation.
Here are two examples of how nQuery Advisor can be used:
Example 1: Optimizing a manufacturing process
Suppose a company that manufactures electronic devices wants to optimize its production process to reduce defects and improve yield. They decide to conduct an experiment to identify the factors that have the greatest impact on the process, and to determine the optimal levels of these factors.
The company sets up a full factorial experiment with three factors: temperature, pressure, and time. Each factor has two levels: low and high. The company randomly assigns each combination of factor levels to a different run of the production process, and measures the percentage of defective products produced in each run.
Using nQuery Advisor, the company can analyze the data from the experiment to identify the main effects and interactions of the factors on the process, and determine the optimal levels of each factor that minimize defects and maximize yield. They can also use nQuery Advisor to calculate statistical power and sample size, and to test for statistical significance.
Example 2: Evaluating the effectiveness of a new drug
Suppose a pharmaceutical company is developing a new drug to treat a particular disease. They want to determine the optimal dosage of the drug, and to evaluate its effectiveness in different patient populations.
The company conducts a clinical trial with a sample of patients who have the disease. They randomly assign the patients to one of four treatment groups: a low-dose group, a medium-dose group, a high-dose group, and a placebo group. The patients are followed for a period of time, and the company measures the improvement in their condition.
Using nQuery Advisor, the company can analyze the data from the trial to determine the optimal dosage of the drug and to compare the effectiveness of the different dosages. They can also use nQuery Advisor to adjust for confounding factors, such as age and gender, and to test for statistical significance.
In both of these examples, nQuery Advisor is used to design and analyze experiments to optimize processes or products, and to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments. It is a powerful tool that allows researchers and practitioners to make informed decisions based on statistical analysis of data.