## Minimax rule :

The minimax rule is a decision-making strategy that is often used in games with two players, such as chess or tic-tac-toe. It involves each player trying to maximize their own rewards while minimizing their opponent’s rewards. This is done by making the best possible move at each turn, based on the current state of the game.

The minimax rule is based on the idea that each player will try to anticipate their opponent’s moves and counter them in order to gain the upper hand. This means that each player must try to think several steps ahead and consider all possible outcomes of their actions.

For example, in a game of tic-tac-toe, Player A may place their X in the center square of the board. This move maximizes their chances of winning, as it allows them to create a row, column, or diagonal of X’s in two more moves. However, Player B can counter this move by placing their O in a corner square, which minimizes Player A’s chances of winning and maximizes their own.

Another example of the minimax rule in action is in the game of chess. In this game, each player has a set of pieces with varying abilities and values. The minimax rule can be used to help a player decide which piece to move and where to move it. For example, if a player has a choice between moving their queen to capture an opponent’s pawn or moving their knight to block an opponent’s bishop, they may use the minimax rule to determine which move is more advantageous.

In summary, the minimax rule is a decision-making strategy that involves anticipating an opponent’s moves and making the best possible move in response. It is often used in games with two players, and can help players to maximize their rewards and minimize their opponent’s rewards.