Majority rule :
The Malthusian parameter, also known as the Malthusian growth rate, is a concept in population dynamics that is used to describe the growth of a population in relation to the availability of resources. It is named after Thomas Malthus, who first proposed the idea in his 1798 book “An Essay on the Principle of Population.”
According to Malthus, the population of any species will tend to grow exponentially, unless it is limited by some factor. This exponential growth is driven by the fact that individuals in a population are able to reproduce, leading to an increase in the number of individuals over time. However, the availability of resources, such as food, shelter, and space, ultimately limits the growth of a population.
To understand the Malthusian parameter, it is helpful to consider an example. Let’s say that a species of rabbits is introduced to a new island where there is an abundance of food, water, and space. In this situation, the population of rabbits will likely grow quickly, as there are no limiting factors on their ability to reproduce. However, over time, the population will reach a point where the availability of resources becomes limiting, and the growth of the population will slow down or stop altogether.
Another example of the Malthusian parameter can be seen in the context of human population growth. Throughout history, the human population has grown exponentially, driven by factors such as improvements in medical care, agricultural productivity, and technological advances. However, as the population has grown, the availability of resources such as food, water, and energy has become increasingly limited, leading to concerns about the sustainability of continued population growth.
In conclusion, the Malthusian parameter is a concept in population dynamics that describes the growth of a population in relation to the availability of resources. It is based on the idea that population growth will tend to be exponential unless limited by some factor, such as the availability of resources. Examples of the Malthusian parameter can be seen in the growth of populations of rabbits on a new island, and in the growth of the human population over time.