## Intraclass contingency table :

An intraclass contingency table is a statistical tool used to analyze the relationship between two or more categorical variables within a single group or “class.” This type of table is commonly used in research studies to evaluate the consistency and agreement among multiple ratings or observations of a particular phenomenon or characteristic within a group.

For example, a researcher may use an intraclass contingency table to evaluate the consistency of ratings given by multiple raters to a set of individuals on a particular psychological trait, such as intelligence or aggression. In this case, the class would be the group of individuals being rated, and the two or more categorical variables would be the ratings given by each rater. The resulting table would show the frequency of each rating given by each rater, allowing the researcher to evaluate the level of agreement among the raters.

Another example of an intraclass contingency table is in evaluating the reliability of a diagnostic test. In this case, the class would be a group of patients who have undergone the test, and the two or more categorical variables would be the test results given by multiple testers. The resulting table would show the frequency of each test result given by each tester, allowing the researcher to evaluate the consistency and reliability of the test.

Overall, intraclass contingency tables are a useful tool for evaluating the agreement and consistency among multiple observations or ratings within a single group. By displaying the frequency of each observation or rating given by each individual, these tables allow researchers to evaluate the reliability and validity of their data.