## Identity Matrix :

An identity matrix is a square matrix with ones on the main diagonal and zeros everywhere else. It is also called an identity element or unit matrix. The identity matrix is denoted by the symbol “I” or “1”.

The identity matrix has several important properties. First, it is always a square matrix, which means that it has the same number of rows and columns. Second, it has ones on the main diagonal and zeros everywhere else.

Let’s look at an example to illustrate these properties. Consider the following matrix:

I = [1 0 0; 0 1 0; 0 0 1];

As you can see, this matrix is square, with 3 rows and 3 columns. It also has ones on the main diagonal and zeros everywhere else, which makes it an identity matrix.

Another example of an identity matrix is:

I = [[1, 0],

[0, 1]]

This matrix is also square, with 2 rows and 2 columns. It has ones on the main diagonal and zeros everywhere else, which makes it an identity matrix.

The identity matrix has several important uses in mathematics and computer science. In linear algebra, the identity matrix is often used to represent the identity transformation, which leaves an object unchanged. In matrix multiplication, the identity matrix acts as a neutral element, meaning that it does not change the other matrix when multiplied with it.

In computer science, the identity matrix is often used in image processing and computer graphics. For example, when transforming an image with a matrix, the identity matrix can be used to reset the transformation to its original state.

Overall, the identity matrix is a useful mathematical concept with many applications in various fields.