## Helmert Contrast :

Helmert contrast is a statistical technique used to compare the means of two or more groups. It is used to determine whether the differences between the means are statistically significant, or if they are due to chance.

One example of using Helmert contrast is in a study of the effectiveness of a new medication for treating depression. The researchers may divide their subjects into two groups: one group receives the new medication, while the other group receives a placebo. The researchers can then use Helmert contrast to compare the mean scores on a depression rating scale for each group. If the difference in mean scores is statistically significant, this suggests that the new medication is effective in treating depression.

Another example of using Helmert contrast is in a study of the effects of different teaching methods on student performance. The researchers may divide their subjects into three groups: one group receives traditional teaching methods, one group receives interactive teaching methods, and one group receives blended teaching methods. The researchers can then use Helmert contrast to compare the mean scores on a standardized test for each group. If the differences in mean scores are statistically significant, this suggests that one of the teaching methods is more effective than the others.

Overall, Helmert contrast is a useful tool for comparing the means of two or more groups and determining whether the differences between the means are statistically significant. It can be applied to a wide range of research questions, including studies of the effectiveness of interventions, the effects of different treatments or interventions, and the comparison of different groups or populations.