## Generalized Additive Models :

Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) are a type of regression model that allows for the incorporation of non-linear relationships between the response variable and predictor variables. This is achieved through the use of smooth functions, known as “smooths”, which capture the non-linear relationship between the response and predictor variables.

One example of using a GAM is in analyzing the relationship between temperature and ice cream sales. In this scenario, the response variable is the number of ice cream sales and the predictor variable is the temperature. A linear regression model would assume that the relationship between temperature and ice cream sales is linear, but this may not accurately capture the relationship in reality. A GAM would instead use a smooth function to capture the non-linear relationship between temperature and ice cream sales, resulting in a more accurate model.

Another example of using a GAM is in analyzing the relationship between age and blood pressure. In this scenario, the response variable is the blood pressure and the predictor variable is the age. A linear regression model would assume that the relationship between age and blood pressure is linear, but this may not accurately capture the relationship in reality. A GAM would instead use a smooth function to capture the non-linear relationship between age and blood pressure, resulting in a more accurate model.

Overall, GAMs provide a flexible and powerful tool for modeling non-linear relationships in data. They can be used in a wide range of applications, from analyzing the relationship between environmental factors and plant growth, to studying the relationship between diet and health outcomes. By allowing for the incorporation of non-linear relationships, GAMs can provide more accurate and comprehensive models than traditional linear regression methods.