Docker is a type of virtualization technology that allows users to run multiple isolated applications on a single host operating system. This can be useful for a number of reasons, including the ability to run different applications that have different system requirements on the same computer, and the ability to easily move applications from one host to another without worrying about compatibility issues.
One example of how docker can be useful is in the development of software applications. Typically, when a developer is working on a new application, they need to have a specific set of tools and libraries installed on their computer in order to be able to compile and run the code. However, these tools and libraries may not be compatible with other applications that the developer has installed, or they may be different than the tools and libraries that will be used on the production server where the application will ultimately be deployed.
With docker, the developer can create a container that contains all of the necessary tools and libraries for their application, and then run the application inside of that container. This way, the developer can be sure that the application will run exactly the same way in the container as it will when it is deployed on the production server, without having to worry about compatibility issues.
Another example of how docker can be useful is in the deployment of web applications. When deploying a web application, it is often necessary to run multiple services, such as a web server, a database server, and a cache server, in order to provide the necessary functionality. In the past, this would typically require setting up multiple physical or virtual machines, each with its own operating system and set of installed software.
With docker, it is possible to run each of these services in its own container, which can then be run on the same host operating system. This makes it much easier to manage the different components of the application, and it also makes it easier to scale the application by adding more containers as needed.
In summary, docker is a powerful technology that allows users to run multiple isolated applications on a single host operating system, making it easier to develop and deploy software applications.