Classification Matrix :
A classification matrix, also known as a confusion matrix, is a tool used in machine learning and data mining to evaluate the performance of a classification model. It is a table that presents the predicted and actual values of a classification model in a tabular format, allowing for easy interpretation and analysis of the model’s performance.
The classification matrix is typically used in binary classification, where the predicted values are either positive or negative, and the actual values are either true or false. The classification matrix is typically presented as a 2×2 table, with four cells representing the predicted values and the actual values.
For example, in a classification model that predicts whether or not a patient has cancer, the classification matrix would have the following cells:
True positive (TP): The model correctly predicts that the patient has cancer.
False positive (FP): The model incorrectly predicts that the patient has cancer.
True negative (TN): The model correctly predicts that the patient does not have cancer.
False negative (FN): The model incorrectly predicts that the patient does not have cancer.
The classification matrix allows for the calculation of several performance metrics, such as accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score. For example, the accuracy of a classification model is calculated by dividing the number of correct predictions (TP + TN) by the total number of predictions (TP + TN + FP + FN).
In addition to evaluating the performance of a classification model, the classification matrix can also be used to identify areas for improvement. For example, if the model has a high number of false positives, it may be necessary to adjust the model’s threshold to reduce the number of incorrect predictions.
Overall, the classification matrix is a valuable tool in machine learning and data mining, providing valuable insights into the performance of a classification model and identifying areas for improvement.